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Prague Attractions

Old Town

Bethlehem Chapel (Betlémská kaple)

Was founded in 1391. Master Jan Hus, the reform preacher, burned in 1415 in Constance, preached here in Czech language. Later it was turned to the catholic church. In 1786 the Chapel was demolished and in the fifties of 20th century its replica was built in place of it.

Black Madonna House (Dům U Černé Matky Boží) – Museum of Czech cubism

Was built in the beginning of the 20th century by a czech architect Josef Gočár. The house is the most significant example of cubistic architecture in Prague. Nowadays in this unique building you can find the Museum of the Czech cubism and cubistic cafe, re-opened after 80 years, with the typical stylish internal furnishings.

Charles Bridge (Karlův most)

Was founded by Charles IV in 1357 and finished by Petr Parléř in 1402, is 515 meters long and 10 meters wide. On its both ends Lesser Town and Old Town Bridge Towers are found. Thirty sculptures of the saints from the period 1683 – 1928 decorate the bridge. The most wonderful view to the Prague Castle is said to be just from here.


Is the complex of the Charles University (the oldest university in the Central Europe) buildings. The large assembly hall on the first floor is used for special celebrations, for example graduation ceremonies.

Convent of St. Agnes of Bohemia (Klášter Sv. Anežky České)

Founded by the Premyslid Princess Agnes (Anežka), sister of King Wenceslas (Václav) in 1231. The convent is considered to be the first Gothic building in Prague. Since its renovation in 1963 it is used for needs of the National Gallery.


The former Jesuit college has been constucting since 16 till 18th century. Nowadays you can find the National and the State Technical libraries. You can visit the Astronomical Tower and Baroque Library Hall. The Mirror Hall is used for the music concerts.

Municipal House (Obecní dům)

The outstanding sample of Art-Nouveau style in Prague. The building was constructed in the years 1905-1911. The interiors are decorated with works of the famous Czech painters and sculptors Alfons Mucha, Max Švabinský or Josef Václav Myslbek. The Smetana concert hall – the center of the building – is the place where concerts are organized, for example concerts of the Prague Spring International Music Festival.

Old Town Square (Staroměstské náměstí)

is considered to be the historical heart of the city. Together with its surroundings from 1992 is being registered on the UNESCO Heritage List.

Since the 12th century the Old Town Square is was a place of many important events of Czech political, cultural and social life. Many historical buildings and monuments are located here – Old Town Hall with Astronomical Clock, Church of Our Lady before Týn, St. Nicolas Church, Kinský Palace, Stone Bell House, Master Jan Hus Sculpture

Old Town Hall with Astronomical Clock was built in 1364. The tower with famous Astronomical Clock is 70 m high and is one of the most popular Prague attraction. The first mark concerning of the clock dates back to the beginning of the 15 th century. The legend sais: The clock master Hanuš was made blind by the Prague councillors so as not to construct the similar clock somewhere else. During the World War II a part of the Town Hall was destroyed.

Nowadays various social events také place here – for example wedding ceremonies.

Church of Our Lady before Týn is one of the most imposant gothic sacral buildings in Prague, constructed from 14 to 16th centuries. The church interior was rebuilt in Baroque style in the 17th century. The interiors are decorated with paintings by Karel Škréta. You can see Tycho de Brahe´s tombstone.

St. Nicholas Church – the imposant Baroque building constructed in 1732-1737 according to the plans of Kilian Ignaz Dietzenhofer. On the white coloured facade you can see sculptures created by Antonín Braun. The church interior can evoke the St. Louis-des-invalides in Paris. Don´t mistake it for the same named church in the Lesser Town.

Stone Bell House – Exhibitions of modern and contemporary arts of the National Gallery are placed here. The house was originally built in the 13th century . Later it was rebuilt in the Baroque style. Its Gothic form was given back it during reconstruction finished in 1988. You can visit also a cafe or a gallery shop.

Master Jan Hus Sculpture made in 1915 by Ladislav Šaloun. The monument commemorates the Czech reform preacher Master Jan Hus. The sculpture was created on the occasion of the 500 th anniversary of the Hus´execution in Constance

Powder Tower (Prašná brána)

The gateway to the Royal Route used by the Bohemian sovereigns on the way to their coronation in the St. Vitus Cathedral in the Prague Castle. It was built in 1475 by Vladislav Jagello. In the 17th century the tower was used as a gunpowder storage.

Estates Theatre (Stavovské divadlo)

The first name of the theatre opened in 1783 was the Nostic. On the 29 October 1787 the premiere of Don Giovanni, opera by W.A. Mozart, was given here and on the 21 December 1834 the song „Kde domov můj“ (Where is my home) – the later Czech national anthem was presented for the first time on this stage.


The complex of historical buildings being founded in the 11th century in the neighbourhood of the Old Town Square. The name was given to this place by merchants according to the duty on goods (ungelt). In Ungelt, the former merchants´ yard, you can find all important architectural styles.


Nowadays Rudolfinum is a seat of the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra. The main concert hall – the Dvořák Hall – is a place where concerts of the Prague Spring Music Festival are hold. The building was beeing constructed in 1876-1884 in Neo-Renaissance style, originally as a picture gallery. In 1945-1946 it became a seat of the National Assembly.

Jewish Prague

The most of Jewish highlights is concentrated in the area of the Old Town called Josefov

New Town

National Theatre (Národní divadlo)

Was built between 1868-1881 in Neo-Renaissance style. In 1881 the theatre was destroyed by fire and had to be reconstructed. In this year it was re-opened with a performance of Smetana´s opera Libuše composed for this occasion. Nowadays the National Theatre is a stage of three ensembles – opera, ballet and drama.

Dancing House (Tančící dům)

On the Rašín embankment (Rašínovo nábřeží) you can find one of the most wonderful examples of Prague modern architecture. The house so-called „Ginger and Fred“, designed by the American architect Frank Gehry, provokes to the inconsistent impressions. It is admired as well as disliked at the same time.

New Town Hall (Novoměstská radnice)

A complex of Gothic buildings from the turn of the 15th century, in 1377-1784 the seat of the New Town authorities. In 1419 the catholic councillors werre thrown out the windows. This act called the First Prague Defenestration is considered to be a beginning of the Hussite revolution in the Czech lands. The dominating feature of the Town Hall is its tower with Our Lady Chapel.

Church of St. Ignatius (Kostel sv. Ignáce)

The typical Baroque church was built in 1665-1677 by the Jesuits. Its architects were Carlo Lurago and Paul Ignaz Bayer who added a tower in 1687 to the church.

Church of St. Cyril and Methodius (Kostel sv. Cyrila a Metoděje)

The orthodox cathedral is the national memorial to the heroes of the Heydrich terror. In the crypts the Czechoslovak troopers sent by the London exile governmemnt to assasinate the Reich protector Reinhard Heydrich, hid out of the Germans. The Heydrich´s assasination in 1942 intensified a German terror against Czechs and many innocent people paid for it with their lives.

Faust House (Faustův dům)

The house situadted in the Charles Square is the seat of the Faculty of Medicine, a part of the Charles University. The first marks of the house date to the 12th century. In the 14th century it was reconstructed in Renaissance style and in the 18th century rebuilt into the prezent style. In the 16th century the alchymist Edward Kelley and a following owner practised and carried out their chemical experiments here. Probably these facts gave rise to the tale of a Dr. Faust, a magic Prague figure. Dr. Faust sold his soul to the Devil who later took him to the Hell. A never bricked hole in the ceiling reminds this event.


The former Gothic Church of Our Lady and Monastery Na Slovanech were founded by Charles IV in 1347. It was the center of the Slavonic Christianity. In 1712 the buildings were rebuilt in the Baroque style and in 1945 during World War II destroyed by American air forces. Later The complex was newly restaured.


The former castle and fortification were founded in the 10th century. Before establishment of the Prague Castle it was a seat of the Czech Princes. During the Hussite wars it was destroyed but some of very precious buildings survived up to the present day, as Rotunda of St. Martin or Romanesque Capitular Church of St. Peter and Paul (both from the 11th century). The part of the Vyšehrad churchyard – the Slavín cemetery – is place where Prominents of the Czech cultural life are buried.

National Musem (Národní muzeum)

Together with St. Wenceslas statue represents the domanating feature of the Wenceslas Square. The National Museum was established as the „patriotic“ museum in 1818. The new main museum building in the Wenceslas Square was constructed in 1891 in Neo-Renaissance style. On the present you can visit valuable collections of mineralogy, paleontology, botan y, entomology, zoology, anthropology, archeology and others.

Statue of St. Wenceslas (Socha sv. Václava)

The equestrian statue representing the Czech prince and patron of the Czech lands was erected in 1912 in the upper part of the Wenceslas Square. The bronze sculpture was created by J.V. Myslbek and is 7,2 metres high and 5,5 tons heavy.

State Opera (Státní opera)

The Prague State Opera was opened in 1888 as a Prague German Stage with the performance of Wagner´s opera The Mastersingers of Nurnberg. With its specious auditorium and Neo-Rococo decorated facade it belongs among the most beautiful in Europe. On programme you will find the world-known authors as Mozart, Puccini, Mendelsson-Bartholdy, Verdi, Tchaikovskij, Prokofjev, Strauss, Bizet, Smetana or Dvořák.

Botanical Garden (Botanická zahrada)

The Charles University Botanical Garden was founded in 1898. The total area is 3,5 hectares. The part of it is a large glasshouse with many species of plants.

Museum of Antonín Dvořák (Muzeum Antonína Dvořáka)

The romantic Baroque summer residence so called „Villa America“ built by K.J. Dietzenhofer commemorates life and work of the world-known Czech composer Antonín Dvořák (1841-1904). Among Dvořák´s best works the Slavonic Dances or the Ninth Symphony „From the New World belong.

Lesser Town

Wallenstein Palace (Valdštejnský palác)

The Baroque Wallenstein Palace covers a wide area of the Lesser Town (Malá Strana). It was built for one of the most powerful noblemen Albrecht of Wallenstein (1583-1634) as his Prague residence. It was designed by an Italian architect Andrea Spezza. Albrecht of Wallenstein Lived here for barely twelve months. In 1634 he was assasinated in the city of Cheb. Today the palace is a seat of the Senat of the Czech Republic-

Church of Our Lady Victorious – Prague Child Jesus ( Kostel Panny Marie Vítězné – Pražské jezulátko)

This early Baroque Church is well-known for its Prague Child Jesus. This wax effigy was donated by Polyxena of Lobkovic and brought to Prague In the 16th century.

Petrin Look-out Tower (Petřínská rozhledna)

This smaller copy of the Eiffel Tower in Paris you can find on the Petrin (Petřín) hill. It was built in 1891 on the occasion of the Jubilee Exhibition and is 60 meters high. From the top the magnificent view of Prague is offered (if the weather is bright). The tower can be easy reached by the funicular. Only a few metersfrom the tower you can visit the Prague Mirror Maze. This attraction located in the small building looking like a castle, is visited especially by the children and their parents.


is a picturesque island approachable by the steps from the Charles Bridge. Nowadays many hotels and restaurants are located here. You can also visit an exhibition of the modern arts in the house called the Sova´s mills (Sovovy mlýny).

St. Nicholas Church (Chrám sv. Mikuláše)

This church represents one of the most valuable sample of the high Baroque architecture both in the Czech lands and in the whole Europe. The church was constructed by Kryštof Dienzenhofer, Kilian Ignác Dienzenhofer and Anselmo Lurago in 1704-1756. The dominating feature is the Dome and the Bell-tower. In its wonderful interiors the concerts are held all over the year. During his stay in Prague W.A. Mozart played the organ here.

Palatial Gardens below the Prague Castle (Palácové zahrady pod Pražským hradem)

The gardens – Ledebur Garden, Small and Great Palffy Gardens, Kolowrat and Small Fürstenberg Gardens – are situated below the Prague Castle and offer not only pleasant walks but also beautiful views of the Lesser Town (Malá Strana) and city panorama.

The Prague Castle (Pražský hrad)

Prague Castle was founded around the year 880 by the Premyslides. From the 10th century the castle was not only the seat of the princes and kings, but also of the highest representatives of church, the Prague Bishop. Today the castle is a seat of the Czech president and the important cultural and historical monument. The crown jewels, art treasures and historical documents are kept here.

St. Vitus Cathedral (Katedrála sv. Víta)

Is the largest and the most important temple in Prague. A construction of the Gothic cathedral was started in 1344 by Charles IV on the place of the former Romanesque rotund; the first architects were Matthias of Arras and Peter Parléř, and was finished in 1929 in Neo-Gothic style. Not only religious service but also coronations of Czech kings an queens took place here. In the crypt there is a royal tomb. In St. Wenceslas Chapel, a cult center of the cathedral, you can see the the tomb of St. Wenceslas, Patron of the Czech Lands, and beautiful gothic decorations. Above the chapel the Crown Jewels are saved. The door of an iron safe has seven locks and there are seven holders of the keys – President of the Czech Republic, the Prime Minister, The Prague Archbishop, the Chairman of the House of Deputies, the Chairman of the Senate, the Dean of the Metropolitan Chapter of St. Vitus Cathedral and the Lord Mayor of Prague.

Old Royal Palace (Starý královský palác)

The palace was a residence of Czech sovereigns up to the 16th century. The part of the palace is the Gothic Vladislav Hall – originally the scene of coronation festivities and banquets, knights´tournaments or markets with artistic and luxurious goods and today – the scene of the elections of the president of the Czech Republic

St. George´s Convent ( Klášter sv. Jiří)

The oldest monastery in the Czech Lands founded in 973 by the Prince Boleslav II (only foundations have been preserved). In the 12th century the convent was rebuilt in the Romanesque style. The tombs of Premyslid dynasty members are located in the main nave. Nowadays the collections of the National Gallery are placed here.

Golden Lane (Zlatá ulička)

The picturesque lane where the houses of craftsmen from the 16th century are located. The small houses were occupied till World War II. In the house No 22 Franz Kafka stayed in 1916-1917.

Daliborka Tower (Daliborka)

This tower was a part of the Prague Castle fortification. Until 1781 it was used as a prison. The first prisoner is said to be Dalibor of Kozojedy, hero of Bedřich Smetana´s opera.

Prague Castle Picture Gallery (Obrazárna Pražského hradu)

The permanent exhibition shows to the visitors more than one hundred paintings selected from four thousand of the Prague Castle possession. The gallery can be compared with the most significant art collections in Europe.

Royal Summer Palace (Královský letohrádek)

This pure Renaissance construction also called Queen Anne´s Summer Palace was built in 1538-1560 during the rule of Ferdinand I and was designed by Paolo della Stella. Now the Royal Summer Palace serves mainly for occasional exhibitions of arts.

Hradcany - the area around the Prague Castle (Hradčany)

Schwarzenberger Palace (Schwarzenberský palác)

The Museum of Military History is a building constructed in 1545-1563 in a „Bohemian Reneissance“ style. It is decorated with sgraffiti from 1567.

Sternebrg Palace (Sternberský palác)

The Baroque building where you can visit expositions of the National Gallery. The ancient arts, icons and paintings from the Antiquity to the end of Baroque period are shown there.

Strahov Monastery (Strahovský klášter)

The monastery was founded in 1140 by Prince Vladislav II for the Premonstratensian Order. During Husite wars it was destroyed and newly built in Barouque style in the 17th and 18th centuries. Above all very valuable is the Strahov Library with a number of medieval manuscripts, maps, globes and graphics. In the monastery yard you can visit the monastery restaurant and brewery with its own beer production.

Czernin Palace (Černínský palác)

This Baroque Palace is the largest one in Prague. At the present time it is a seat of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Prague Loreto (Loreta)

The Prague Loreto ia a Marian place of pilgrimage and the artistic and historical Baroque monument as well. It was founded by the Lobkowicz family in 1626 and consists of a cloister, Church of the Nativity of Our Lady, clock tower and some chapels. In the center of the courtyard there is a small Santa Casa chapel, a replica of an Italian Loreto. The carillon with 30 bells on the bell tower performs every hour (9 a.m.-6 p.m.) a Marian song We Greet You a Thousand Times. You can see the Loreta Treasure, a collection of sacral objects, especially the famous Diamond Monstrance decorated with 6222 diamonds.